Conducting the correct research about your assigned country or personnel is very important as it enables you to gather enough research as possible before your council begins. Gather as much information and evidence about your country as possible, however, a key aspect that has to be kept in mind, is that you have to represent the thoughts and opinions of your country and make sure that your own personal opinions do not cloud the judgment of your country.
Firstly you must gather the basic information about your country/personnel which can be found on various websites online; some of these websites have been listed in the resources and links page. The CIA Factbook is a very good resource for research as it enables one to find information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for most countries and dependencies. Think about how factors such as gross domestic product (GDP), demographics, and geography influence a particular country’s foreign policy. While not particularly useful once in council, the Factbook can give you a good basic foundation of your nation’s needs and resources, and can help get into the mindset of a citizen of that state. Use the Factbook and other such sites to consider the economic, political, social, religious, or ideological motivations that influence your country’s foreign policy as a whole and particularly its position on the topics at hand
Looking into your friends and enemies is very helpful. It will be advantageous in the sense that it will allow you to see where your country stands in regards to the issue. What nation has your country made agreements with? And what countries, if any, are uncooperative? It is helpful to know any background information about any multilateral agreements and arrangements your country has made with another one as it is a good way to begin.
It is important that you take a look at the background guide and the reading list of your committee provided to you on the website. These background guides have been written by your chairs to provide you with a reasonable amount of information on what kind of committee and conference that you are coming to. The background guides won’t be able to provide you with all the information that you need therefore a reading list was created which has a list of questions, books, documentaries, articles, etc… so that you can do some research by yourself as well as providing you with enough information to make sure that the conference goes smoothly for you.
It is advantageous if you can find previous resolutions regarding your issue which had passed as it can provide you with an idea of where the previous resolution had lacked and did not provide sufficient enough detail on how to tackle the topic at hand. (The United Nations’ website provides archives on previous resolutions). This way you can also quote and use previous preambulatory and operative clauses to enlighten the other delegates of the details which had led for the previous one to pass, and can further develop the ideas while allowing new and innovative ideas to develop within your own resolutions.
It is also beneficial to you if you have written a well thought out position paper. The position paper is there so that you have some research done prior to the conference and will give you a sense of how to tackle the topic at hand. In the position paper you will be considering previous passed resolutions, facts about the issue, and a way to resolve the issue. This should provide you with some of your research but don’t let that stop you from looking at other aspects of issue.