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A major part of being a successful delegate at BritMUN IV is to be able to write resolutions specific to the topic of your committee. We understand that there may be some delegates that are new to Model United Nations, so the BritMUN Team in Association with NAIMUN has designed this page to help you to better understand resolutions.

What is a resolution? 

Resolutions are documents written by the delegates which are the end results of the research, critical thinking, debate, deliberations and compromises that the delegates have combined over the course of the council. Resolutions are supposed to provide innovative ideas and insights into how delegates propose to resolve issues that the world faces. The resolution writing process can start as soon as the delegate would like however it should be noted that BritMUN strongly prohibits pre-written resolutions as it compromises the spirit of the debate. Instead of starting the resolutions immediately it is vital that everyone participates in debate and listen to what their fellow delegates have to say in order to create a comprehensive and a well- rounded plan. Each delegation can sponsor or sign as many resolutions as they wish. Sponsors are countries who agree with the content of the resolution or draft and intend to support it. Signatories are countries who would like to see the draft debated but do not necessarily support all the elements of the resolution (A signatory of a resolution does not have to vote in favour of the resolution).

Preambulatory clauses

Explain the problem being addressed by the council, they should be informative of the issue at hand, yet they must not disclose any action taken by the council in order to resolve the issue. Each of these clauses begins with a present participle (perambulatory phrase) which is italicized; these clauses then end with a comma.

Past UN resolutions, treaties, or conventions related to the topic

  • Past regional, non-governmental, or national efforts in resolving this topic
  • References to the UN Charter or other international frameworks and laws
  • Statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency
  • General background information or facts about the topic, its significance, and its impact.

Pre-ambulatory Clauses Should Start With these Key Words or Phrases (Does Not Contain all)

Affirming Convinced Emphasizing Reaffirming
Alarmed By Declaring Expecting Realizing
Approving Deeply Concerned Fulfilling Recalling
Aware of Deeply Conscious Fully Aware Recognizing
Bearing in Mind Deeply Convinced Further Recalling Referring
Believing Deeply Disturbed Guided By Seeking
Confident Deeply Regretting Keeping in Mind Taking Note
Contemplating Desiring Observing Welcoming

Operative Clauses

The purpose of the operative clause is to provide a solution to the issues addressed in the pre-ambulatory clause. The clause should aim to take substantial action towards resolving the issue and should include an underlined verb at the beginning of the sentence followed by the proposed solution  

Each clause should include the following basics:

  • Clause should be numbered;
  • Each clause should support one another and continue to build your solution;
  • Add details to your clauses in order to have a complete solution;
  • Operative clauses are punctuated by a semicolon, with the exception of your last operative clause which should end with a period.


Operative Clauses Should Start With these Key Words or Phrases (Does Not Contain all)

Accepts Congratulates Endorses Notes
Affirms Considers Expresses its appreciation Proclaims
Approves Declares Accordingly Expresses its hope Reaffirms
Authorizes Deplores Further Invites Recommends
Calls Designates Further Proclaims Regrets
Calls Upon Draws the Attention Further Reminds Reminds
Condemns Emphasizes Further Recommends Supports
Confirms Encourages Further Requests Transmits